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Who’s Who in the Kitchen Hierarchy of UK Restaurants

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Published on: 01 Jan 2021

Ever wondered how too many cooks in a busy restaurant don’t spoil the broth? It is the chef hierarchy that makes it all possible.
Different chefs blend the magic of ingredients with their culinary skills behind those closed kitchen doors. This is how modern restaurants manage a heaving crowd and satisfy their taste buds. 
Since all of them wear the same chef coat, you may often get confused and ask yourself, “what are the different types of chefs?” This article is precisely what you were looking for; an intro to kitchen hierarchy, chef titles and positions, contribution to kitchen management and diverse chef roles. 

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What is kitchen hierarchy?

In professional kitchens, the hierarchy that prevails is called Brigade de Cuisine (French). This squad system, adopted by the French ensures that all kitchen operations run smoothly. The different chef titles like ‘sous chef’, ‘chef de partie’ et al., make the kitchen hierarchy or the French brigade system. 
Since this hierarchy is essential to a functioning kitchen, its structure varies on restaurant size and style. But broadly speaking, there are the following positions in a kitchen hierarchy.

Kitchen Hierarchy of UK Restaurants

Chef hierarchy in the kitchen

A restaurant kitchen is different from a home kitchen. With continuous incoming orders in a bustling restaurant, each chef or a cook performs a dedicated role. His/her chef title defines this role. To know this Brigade, it is crucial to understand each chef type with his culinary responsibility.

The kitchen hierarchy is divided into two broad chef types:

  1. Managerial chefs 
  2. Specialised chefs  

Managerial chefs look over kitchen management, business management and team management. Simultaneously, the specialised chefs are pros at what they do and stick to their expert domains. 
If you are in the hospitality sector, you might be aware of how to scale up the kitchen hierarchy. Every chef begins from an entry-level and climbs his way up the ladder. Years of experience and education helps with this. 
While there is no shortcut to becoming a chef and owning a Michelin star restaurant, you must begin by understanding how the hierarchy works and find your place. 

1. Managerial Chefs 

Chef type - Managerial chefs

The adjective ‘managerial’ is indicative of the responsibilities these types of chefs undertake in restaurant success. Their core role revolves around streamlining kitchen processes, managing the subordinates, menu architecture, supervising operations and training. 
Here is an array of titles for managerial chefs in a descending fashion:

Group Chef or Chef-owner

Every kitchen has a single group chef. This fundamental role circles around the management of the kitchen structure. In a kitchen hierarchy, this is the most prominent role. More often, the responsibilities of a group chef are interchanged with that of an executive chef. However, the positions are different and small establishments combine the two. 

Executive Chef aka Chef de Cuisine (French) aka Head Chef 

The head chef is at the top of the kitchen hierarchy. Every kitchen has only one executive chef, and he manages the Brigade de Cuisine on diverse kitchen operations. He has a core managerial role (that is very dynamic) and primarily oversees:

  • The functioning of different outlets 

  • Daily kitchen management about menu planning, cost control, food preparation, and execution of hygiene policies 

  • Collaboration with suppliers 

  • Quality checking of dishes and their presentation  

As we unravel the many responsibilities of a head chef, it is understandable that he discharges managerial duties and has less to do with the actual cooking. Like a manager supervising his group, an executive chef has a team of sous chefs who manage routine kitchen operations.

Sous Chef aka Second Chef aka Under Chef aka Deputy Chef

The second chef performs the critical role of team management. The term ‘sous chef’ is French for under chef. Besides having the same responsibilities as a head chef, a sous chef is more engaged with day-to-day kitchen activities. This makes him a critical component in the kitchen hierarchy. He is only second to the executive chef and manages the kitchen in his absence. Depending on the strength of the establishment, there can be more than one sous chef.

Typically, a sous chef:

  • Collaborates with the head chef

  • Assists in menu designing 

  • Oversees food and drink quality- taste and presentation 

  • Supervises kitchen staff 

  • Trains recruits

  • Maintains hygiene standards 

  • Prepares staff schedules

Station Chef or Chef de Partie 

Chef type - Chef de Partie

The role of chef de partie is pretty diverse. On the one hand, he assists the sous chef and chef de cuisine, and on the other hand, he manages the assigned kitchen station. Each station chef has a dedicated station he supervises to ensure that only the best dish, served in the most palatable manner leaves his station. Therefore, there is more than one chef de partie. Since they specialise in a specific type of cooking, there is no hierarchy between them and chef de partie are the Specialised chefs.

2. Specialised Chefs

Chef type -Specialised Chef

These chefs conduct actual cooking. In the kitchen hierarchy, they prepare the food that reaches your table. They are masters in their respected domains.

Distinct chef de partie roles include:

  • Sauce chef aka Sauté Chef/Saucier
  • Butcher Chef aka Boucher
  • Fish Chef aka Poissonnier
  • Roast Chef aka Rotisseur
  • Fry Chef aka Friturier
  • Grill Chef aka Grillardin 
  • Pantry Chef aka Garde Manger
  • Pastry Chef aka Patissiere 
  • Relief Cook aka Chef de Tournant
  • Vegetable Chef aka Entremetier

For easy understanding, the infographic below explains the distinct chef de partie titles.

Distinct chef de partie titles


Commis Chef aka Junior Chef

Chef type -Commis Chef aka Junior Chef

There is no hierarchy between chef de partie themselves. But junior chef or commis chef work under them to learn and ameliorate their culinary training. Consider them as interns in the kitchen hierarchy. 

After the junior chef, the kitchen porter, dishwasher (Escuelerie) and waiter/waitress (Aboyeur) are the lowest in the ranking order. 

Chefs and cooks work for hours on end in commercial kitchens, and large restaurant chains to prepare their famous lip-smacking dishes that you devour within minutes. It is the efforts of managerial and specialised chefs which help a busy kitchen run smoothly. While the hierarchy depicted above may vary from kitchen to kitchen, different chef positions with their responsibilities contribute. As you work your way up the pecking order, try your hand at these skilful cooking techniques.

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What is the hierarchy of a kitchen?

The hierarchy of a kitchen is also known as The Brigade de Cuisine and is constituted for designating the roles and responsibilities to members in the kitchen as per their skills and specialization.

Who is the best chef in the world?

The chefs with the most Michelin stars are regarded as the highest achievers of the culinary industry. Here are the top 5 chefs of the world with the most number of Michelin stars:

1.Alain Ducasse
2.Pierre Gagnaire
3.Martin Berasategui
4.Yannick Alleno
5.Anne-Sophie Pic

What are the levels of chefs in a kitchen?

The kitchen brigade system was created by Auguste Escoffier for streamlining the processes of the kitchen by breaking down the roles into a hierarchy. The levels of the chefs in the kitchen are:

1.Executive Chef
2.Head Chef (Chef de Cuisine)
3.Deputy Chef (Sous Chef)
4.Station Chef (Chef de Partie)
5.Junior Chef (Commis Chef)
6.Kitchen Porter (Escuelerie)
8.Waiter/waitress (Aboyeur)

Who is responsible for all kitchen operations?

The most prominent or prominent in the kitchen hierarchy is that of the Group Chef or Chef owner or Executive Chef.

What is the importance of kitchen hierarchy?

They say too many cooks spoil the broth. But when these cooks are streamlined into predefined roles, they not only increase the efficiency of operations but also make a significant contribution to the success of the restaurant.

Can a cook call themselves a chef?

A chef is a type of cook, but they differ in that a chef has developed learned skills and has undergone training.

Are bakers cooks?

To put it simply, baking is thoroughly cooking food in an oven. However, when people say they are bakers or like to bake, they often talk about desserts or bread.